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Schizophrenia: Medication and psychotherapy

Photo by Camila Quintero Franco on Unsplash

Schizophrenia is a severe mental disorder that affects how a person thinks, feels, and behaves. Delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech and behavior, and a loss of motivation characterize it. Individuals with schizophrenia often have difficulty distinguishing reality from their thoughts and perceptions, leading to confusion, paranoia, and social withdrawal.

Causes of schizophrenia

The cause of schizophrenia is unknown, but it is believed to result from genetic and environmental factors. Substance abuse, stress, and exposure to viruses or toxins during critical periods of brain development may also contribute to its development.

Treatment for schizophrenia

Treatment for schizophrenia involves a combination of medication and psychotherapy. Antipsychotic medications can help reduce symptoms such as delusions and hallucinations. At the same time, therapy can assist individuals in managing their condition and improving their quality of life. With appropriate treatment and support, many people with schizophrenia can lead productive and fulfilling lives.


When interacting with someone with schizophrenia, it’s essential to be patient, understanding, and non-judgmental. Here are some tips that can help:

  • Educate yourself about schizophrenia to better understand the experiences and challenges faced by those with the condition.
  • Be patient and listen carefully, giving them plenty of time to express themselves.
  • Speak in a slow, calm, and reassuring tone.
  • Avoid arguing or contradicting them, which can be confusing and distressing.
  • Offer support and understanding to help alleviate feelings of isolation.
  • Please encourage them to stick to their treatment plan and take their medications as prescribed.
  • Be flexible in your interactions, as people with schizophrenia can experience symptoms that affect their behavior.

Remember, they are individuals, and each person’s experience is unique. By approaching them with empathy and understanding, you can help to build a positive and supportive relationship.

“Whenever I’ve been told to stop — by someone who thought they had power over me, by something that happened around me, by the voices I heard in my own head — I kept going.” – Brian Wilson

Thank you for reading this article.

I am Daniel, My Psychology KK’s intern.

With you, My Psychology KK.